Yulia Anatolevna Matafonova – Trans-Baikal State University, Chita, Russia
Tatyana Nikolayevna Gordeeva – Trans-Baikal State University, Chita, Russia
5th International Scientific Conference on Recent Advances in Information Technology, Tourism, Economics, Management and Agriculture – ITEMA 2021, Online/virtual, October 21, 2021, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade; Printed by: SKRIPTA International, Belgrade, ISBN 978-86-80194-51-6, ISSN 2683-5991, DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/ITEMA.2021
The article deals with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on indicators of migration outflow from the Trans-Baikal Territory and interpretation of the results obtained based on the authors’ theoretical provisions concerning the sustainability of a regional political system (a constituent entity of a federal state). The analysis of theoretical approaches to sustainability of the political system allowed us to formulate the essence of the sustainability towards the regional political system operating within the framework of the federal organization of political and territorial space of the state. The analysis of migration processes and comparison of the results of the similar periods (before the COVID-19 pandemic and during the pandemic) revealed a general trend of non-decreasing migration outflow of the population from the Trans-Baikal Territory. The restrictive conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic had little impact on the quantitative indicators of migration in the Trans-Baikal Territory, without reducing negative migration balance. The obtained results allowed us to conclude that the regional political system is unstable – it is unable to create comfortable and attractive living conditions for the regional community.
COVID-19; Migration; Negative migration balance; Regional political system; Sustainability of a regional political system
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