Catalin Gheorghe

Department of Engineering and Industrial Management, Transylvania University of Brasov, 29 Eroilor Street, 500036, Brasov, Romania
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/itema.2018.709

2nd International Scientific Conference on Recent Advances in Information Technology, Tourism, Economics, Management and Agriculture – ITEMA 2018 – Graz, Austria, November 8, 2018, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-13-4

Abstract

The experience of developed countries demonstrates that sustainable growth is not possible without a high degree of innovation of firms, branches and economic sectors. According to Eurostat data and the European Commission’s expert reports, Romania has failed to overcome the “modest innovation” stage in the last 15 years, being included in the cluster with the lowest innovative performance, although innovation has been included as a determinant of development economic and social, in all the strategies developed in recent years, both in the EU and in Romania. Romania’s innovative performance, as measured by the Synthetic Innovation Scoreboard, recorded low values compared to all member countries. Under these conditions, the transition of Romanian companies to industry 4.0 will be more difficult.

The article presents the results of a comparative study between Romania and the EU, having as central elements: types of innovation, product and process innovation, innovation activities and expenditures, organizational and marketing innovation in product and process innovation, public sector procurement and innovation, licensing, barriers to innovation and benefits due to innovation. The study also led to the identification of the main causes that led to Romania’s modest position in terms of innovation. Starting from these, have been developed solutions to increase the level of innovation in Romanian enterprises.

Key words

industry 4.0, innovation scoreboard, Romania


References

  1. Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (2017) Industrie 4.0. Innovationen für die Production von Morgen available at https://www.bmbf.de, pp. 7 (in German).
  2. Thoben, K. D., Wiesner, S., Wuest, T (2017) “Industrie 4.0” and Smart Manufacturing – A Review of Research Issues and Application Examples. International Journal of Automation Technology, vol.11, No. 1, pp. 5-6.
  3. Martínez Pellitero, M., Buesa M., Heijs J (2008) The IAIF Index for European Regional Innovation Systems, Instituto de Análisis Industrial y Financiero – Universidad Complutense Madrid, pp. 8-10.
  4. Desai, M., Fukuda, Parr S., Johansson C., Sagasti F. (2002) Measuring the Technology Achievement of Nations and the Capacity to Participate in the New Age. Journal of Human Development, vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 98-100.
  5. Archibugi D., Coco A., (2004) A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries, CEIS Working Paper No. 44, pp. 5.
  6. European Commission (2018) European Innovation Scoreboard 2018. Methodology Report. available at https://ec.europa.eu/growth/industry/innovation/facts-figures.
  7. European Commission (2018) Eurostat available at https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat
  8. European Commission (2018) European Innovation Scoreboard 2018 available at https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat.
  9. European Commission (2013) Research and Innovation performance in EU Member States and Associated countries. Innovation Union progress at country level. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, pp. 226.
  10. Romanian Government (2014) Government Decision No. 929/2014 on the approval of the National Strategy for Research, Development and Innovation 2014 -2020.

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