Cezar Teclean

Bucharest University of Economic Studies – Centre of International Business and Economics, Piața Romană 6, Bucharest, Romania

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/ITEMA.2018.266

2nd International Scientific Conference on Recent Advances in Information Technology, Tourism, Economics, Management and Agriculture – ITEMA 2018 – Graz, Austria, November 8, 2018, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-13-4

In this paper we propose to evaluate the role of spatial accessibility on the regional economic development in the European Union. The evaluation criterion of spatial accessibility is represented by interregional territorial connectivity given by the highways and high-speed railways infrastructures. In order to measure the territorial interconnectivity, we used the number of border territorial connections of each NUTS 2 region for highways and high-speed railways. In order to evaluate the regional economic development, we used the value of the regional GDP (gross domestic product). The space modeling of territorial accessibility, obtained by quantitative mapping of trans-regional interconnection, allowed the identification of areas with different levels of infrastructural equipment. The interpolation of the interregional connection with the regional GDP distribution allowed quantifying the impact of spatial accessibility on the regional economic development. The relevance of this approach is that, according to this model prepared, we will be able to identify the spaces what they need improving their interregional contacts, as a prerequisites for economic growth. In fact, the results of our research highlight the proposal of a space ranking of the infrastructural priorities, in order to homogenize the regional economic development, as a condition for increasing the economic and territorial connection on main land.         
Key words

spatial accessibility, highway infrastructure, high-speed railways infrastructure, regional economic development, European Union

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