Alžbeta Kiráľová
Iveta Hamarneh
 
University College of Business in Prague, Spálená 14, 110 00  Prague, Czech Republic
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/ITEMA.2018.125

2nd International Scientific Conference on Recent Advances in Information Technology, Tourism, Economics, Management and Agriculture – ITEMA 2018 – Graz, Austria, November 8, 2018, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-13-4

Abstract
Tourism is an integral part of the global economy, and it is expanding rapidly. This growth is accompanied by challenges, among which overtourism is one of the most discussed.
Tourism is attracted to urban areas mostly as a result of the built cultural heritage, urban amenities, lifestyle, cultural traditions, and cultural events. An increasing number of visitors often led to inconvenience for residents and can affect the value of the visited site. Sustainable development is from this aspect a way how to manage tourism development in the destinations so that they remain competitive.
Prague and Budapest are both Capital cities and are one of the most visited urban destinations in their respective countries.
Indicators as Tourist intensity ratio, Tourist density ratio, Tourist penetration ratio, and Defert´s tourism function index, Defert-Baretje’s index, Charvat´s index, and Schneider’s index were calculated based on the data from 2017 to detect the current state of the intensity of visitors flow in the selected destinations.
Based on the results obtained in this study, it can be stated that urban tourism in Prague and Budapest will be challenged in its competitiveness if the number of arrivals with no attention to the quality of visits will continue to prioritize.

Key words

Urban Tourism, Competitiveness, Overtourism, Sustainable Development, Prague, Budapest 


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