Duygu Tosun
Nevin Demirbaş

Ege University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, Izmir, Turkey

2nd International Scientific Conference on Recent Advances in Information Technology, Tourism, Economics, Management and Agriculture – ITEMA 2018 – Graz, Austria, November 8, 2018, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-13-4


Beef is the main red meat source in Turkey. However, beef production and consumption has not reached to the desired level. To provide the increase of red meat supply and to ensure sustainability in production, it is crucial to determine the factors affecting production decision in Turkey. Along with measures to be taken in this respect, consumers’ access to the food needed and manufacturers’ access to sufficient raw materials at affordable price is critical. Main purpose of this study is to determine the factors affecting production decision of the farmers via the data obtained from the farms. This study was carried out in Izmir and Afyonkarahisar, which are the most important provinces in red meat production in Aegean Region. In the study, face-to-face surveys were carried out with 206 owners of the beef cattle farms in Izmir and Afyonkarahisar provinces. Factor Analysis was applied for determination of underlying factors taken into consideration by the farmers to make a decision about production and Cluster Analysis helped to obtain a general profile of the farmers. Factor analysis identified nine dimensions that affect farmers’ decision on production. Subsequent cluster analysis isolated three different farmer segments: marketing, infrastructure and technical knowledge and subsidy policies oriented.

Key words

Beef cattle farming, red meat, production decision, Turkey


[1] Southgate, D. (2009) Population Growth, Increases in Agricultural Production and Trends in Food Prices, The Electronic Journal of Sustainable Development, 1(3).

[2]   FAO. (2017) The Future of Food and Agriculture, Trends and Challenges, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, p. 163.

[3]   Bender, A. (1992) Meat and Meat Products in Human Nutrition in Developing Countries, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food and Nutrition Paper 53, Rome, p. 98.

[4]   Williamson, C. S., Foster, R. K., Stanner, S. A., Buttriss, J. L. (2005) Red Meat in the Diet, British Nutrition Foundation Nutrition Bulletin, 30, pp. 323-355.

[5]   Henchion, M., Hayes, M., Mullen, A.M., Fenelon, M., Tiwari, B. (2017) Future Protein Supply and Demand: Strategies and Factors Influencing a Sustainable Equilibrium, Foods, 6(7):53.

[6]   Republic of Turkey Ministry of Health. (2014) General Directorate of Health Research, Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey 2010, No:931, p. 607. (in Turkish)

[7]   FAOSTAT. (2018) FAOSTAT Database, www.faostat.org, Access: September, 2018.

[8]   SPO. (2007) Food Industry, Special Experts Commission Report, 9th Five Year Development Plan, Ankara. (in Turkish)

[9]   Republic of Turkey The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. (2015) Red meat Strategy, Ankara. (in Turkish).

[10] Official Gazzette. (2010) 27567 numbered dated 30 April 2010, Decision on the Implementation of Tariff Containment in the Importation of Live Cattle and Beef without Breeding to be Used by the General Directorate of Meat and Fish Institution (in Turkish).

[11] TUIK. (2018) Turkish Statistical Institute Databases, www.tuik.gov.tr, Access: September, 2018.

[12] Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. (2018)
Food Industry Inventory Data 2012, https://www.tarim.gov.tr/Konu/1718/2012-y%C4%B1l%C4%B1-g%C4%B1da-sanayi-envanter-verileri, Access: August, 2018

[13] Newbold, P. (2000) Statistics for Business and Economics, 983p.

[14] Malhotra, N.K. (2010) Marketing Research: An Applied Orientation, 6th Edition. Pearson, New Jersey, p. 929.

[15] Merter, C.A., Vannatta, R.A. (2010) Advanced and Multivariate Statistical Methods, Practical Application and Interpretation, 4th Edition, Pyrczak Publishing, California, p. 357.

[16] Tavakol, M., Dennick, R. (2011) Making Sense of Cronbach’s Alpha, International Journal of Medical Education, 2, pp. 53-55.

[17]     Gunden C., Thomas, T. (2018) Farmers’ Decision-Making Process Leading Crop Selection in Turkey, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 27:8/2018, pp. 5706-5712.


Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – UdEkoM Balkan
179 Ustanicka St, 11000 Belgrade, Republic of Serbia